Gogmagog: Gog and Magog
Goemagot, Goemagog or Gogmagoc; He of the Two Horns, He of the Two Ages, Gogmagog and Corineus
These ancient Giants (i.e. Titans, titans, fomorians, ancient ones) known as “Gog” and “Magog” in Paganism are descendants of early pre-Christian Giants of early English pageantry who were very tied to early Britain. The myth states that the Roman Emperor Diocletian had 33 wicked daughters whom he married off to 33 husbands who curbed their unsettling ways. However the daughters were so wicked, led by the eldest sister Alba, they plotted to cut the throats of their husbands as they slept. As punishment for this crime, they were set adrift in a boat with a half year’s rations of food, shunned forever. They drifted ashore the isles of what later became “Albion” (named after the eldest). Fornicating and coupling with demons, they populated the wild windswept island with a race of giants. Some say this was the Islands of what is known as modern day “Ireland” and became to be the legendary giant race of Fomorians while others claim it was the island of “Britain” and were the Giants who lived in these lands. When Brutus, great-grandson of Æneas, in company of his most able-bodied warrior Corineus, fled the fall of Troy, they by fate found themselves on these islands of Giants. Brutus was impressed with these isles so much that he named the Islands after himself, which later became called “Britain”. The leader of the Giants was a detestable monster named Goëmagot (Gogmagog), who stood in stature twelve cubits, and of such prodigious strength that at one shake he pulled up an oak as if it had been a hazel wand. Brutus and Corineus faced “Gogmagog“, had combat, and hurled him from a high rock to his death. (This place, called “The Giant’s Leap”, “Langnagog”, are disputed being in Ireland as well as Cornwall) As a reward for this defeat, Corineus was given the western part of the island, which many say is how Cornwall was called after him. After this defeat, Brutus travelled to the East and founded the city of New Troy, which eventually became known as “London”. [Geoffrey of Monmouth's 12th century Historia Regum Brittaniae] Some correspond these myths to the biblical tale of Samson and Greek mythology of Hercules. Others argue that Gogmagog was a corruption of Gawr Madoc (Madoc the Great).
Another mythos to their origins tell that the 33 infamous daughters of Diocletian who were captured and chained at the gates of Guildhall as guardians had given birth to numerous sons who were deemed to be “Giants”. The last two survivors of these offspring, were “Gog” and “Magog”. This comes from the lore around the carved giants guarding the gates of Guildhall during the reign of Henry V. They were added to the Lord Mayor’s Show in 1554 which were labelled in 1605 as Corineus and Gogmagog. After much destruction of London by the great fires in 1666, they were resurrected in the Guildhall with the intent that they were to be seen daily all year and never to be demolished again such as the dismal violence as happened to their predecessors during the fires. Since these were made of wicker and pasteboard, they didn’t last very long, as they were eaten by rats. In 1708 they were replaced by a pair of wooden statues carved by Captain Richard Saunders which lasted for 200 years until destruction in the blitz. In 1953 they were replaced by the current carvings in the Guildhall created by David Evans as a gift to the City by Alderman Sir George Wilkinson who had been the Lord Mayor in 1940. Gog and Magog came to symbolize the links between the modern business institutions of the City to its ancient history. They have been coronated by Thomas Boreman in his “Gigantick History” of 1741 as:
“Corineus and Gogmagog were two brave giants who richly valued their honour and exerted their whole strength and force in the defence of their liberty and country; so the City of London, by placing these, their representatives in their Guildhall, emblematically declare, that they will, like mighty giants defend the honour of their country and liberties of this their City; which excels all others, as much as those huge giants exceed in stature the common bulk of mankind.”
Another mythos could be relating them to Gyges or Gugu, the king who made Lydia a significant power. Some say the prophet Ezekiel utilized his history symbolically to tell this tale and referring to Asia Minor origins for convenience. Alexander the Great was also associated with Gog and Magog, identified as such in works glorifying the life and deeds of Alexander as someone who personally strove to keep Gog and Magog out of the civilized lands. This is related to the impenetrable wall he built to block off a pass in the Caucasus. The Quran also makes reference to a wall built to keep out Gog and Magog, which will be destroyed in the last days. Some equate this wall with Alexander’s, others with the Great Wall of China, and others as the Iron Curtain.
Gog and Magog don’t only have a place within Paganism, more so found Within much of J-C-I mythology (Judaism, Islam, Christianity), is an abundance of their existence in the lore, history, and beliefs of these peoples and/or faiths, especially as they pertain to future prophecies and catastrophism. Found in the Qur’an, Book of Ezekiel, Book of Genesis, and the Book of Revelation. These “supernatural beings” are also referred to as “demons” and “races” that once predated upon the Earth. According to Islam and Christianity of this being(s) were “war” incarnate, and was a great and righteous ruler (He of the Two Horns) or one that impacts two ages (He of Two Ages), would travel the world in three directions, until he found a tribe threatened by himself, or who were of an evil and destructive nature and caused great corruption upon the Earth. Often humans would offer tribute to Gog and Magog for his protection with the hope that he’d agree to help them. However, Gog and Magog notoriously declined the tribute. Because of this, according to legend, humanity constructed a great wall that all the hostile nations could not penetrate, trapping them there until doomsday, that their escape will be a sign of the end … “The War of Gog and Magog” would precede the return of Jesus.
According to Christianity and Judaism, Magog was the grandson of Noah. His descendants settled to the far north of Israel, likely in Europe and Northern Asia and his people are often referred to as the “Northern Barbarians”, clans of very skilled warriors. Gog and Magog are referred heavily to in the Christian theology, especially the writings of Ezekiel in 38-39 and in Revelations 20: 7-8. According to Ezekiel’s prophecy, Gog will be the leader of a great army that attacks the land of Israel, while Gog is described as “of the land of Magog, prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal”. Most of the mythology state that God himself (or his son) will defeat Magog on the mountains of Israel. This will be a tremendous slaughter, that often is equated to Armaggeddon. The slaughter will be so grand, it will take 7 months to bury all of the dead. As Satan will also be defeated in this battle, “Evil” in a sense will find its final resting place in the lake of Fire. The current or present heaven and earth will be destroyed, and replaced by a new heaven and earth. Some of this is comparative to other mythologies, like the Norse “Ragnarok” and the Christian “Apocalypse”.
According to Christianity’s Old Testament, the reference to a “prince” was once a reference to a demonic or angelic being, who in the spirit realm, is under full control of a particular nation, such as Persia, Greece, or a people such as in the case of the archangel “Michael” who controls “Daniel’s people (Israel). [Daniel 10:13, 20, 21] “Gog” is often described as being the “Chief prince of Meshech and Tubal”. [Ezekiel 38:2,3] Some Christians have equated “Meshech” and “Tubal” to be the two Russian cities of Muscova/Moscow and Tobol’sk/Tubalsk or as Mushki and Tabal (Anatolia/Asia Minor or present day Turkey). As Persia has become the modern day nation of “Iran” and part of Iraq, “Cush” is probably the Sudan south of Egypt (Ethiopia) and Put as Libya (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Mauritania), Gomer as the Gimarrai of North Central Asia Minor (Cappadocia/Turkey), which are all areas run by Islamic religion. Magog, Meshech, Tubal, and Gomer were sons of Japheth, a son of Noah. [Genesis 10:2] Togarmah as a son of Gomer, while Cush and Put were sons of Ham, another son of Noah. All of these offspring were believed to have settled in central Asia, in the land today that are defined as the Republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, as well as northern Afghanistan. To many, these are the extent of the land of Magog, with Gog as the chief “rosh” prince of the land of Magog. [Ezekiel 38:2] Christian and Judaism Fundamentalists tend to thereby associate that the inhabitants of these areas, which are primarily Islamic, to be the people of Magog, with Gog’s origins being from Turkey. Some fundamentalists liken the battles between Islamic nations and Judaism with Israel as the battleground, to be the battles between Jesus and Gog/Magog. Other faiths, see the Armies of Gog/Magog as being the Russians invading Israel. Others have depicted Gog and Magog as Europe as well as America.
According to N. Wahid Azal, the Grand Shaykh of the Fatimiya Sufi Order, the City of London Corporation, is operated by the demons of Gog and Magog, as can be so clearly illustrated by its symbology. According to his belief, the City of London Corporation use Gog and Magog in their seals, emblems, and within their governmental ceremonies. The two “giants” named “Gog” and “Magog” are considered the patron saints or protectors of the City of London. TO celebrate them, the City of London, every second saturday in November, parade images of them through the streets of the city. They have been carried in the Lord Mayor’s Show since the reign of Henry V. By Wahid Azal’s belief, Gog and Magog are the embodiment of “corporations globally around the world, London Corporation only being one extreme example. The “corporations” act as the spiritual embodiment of these demons feeding off of human greed. He bases this off of Walter Wink’s theory that spirituality and evil are embedded in the structure of contemporary institutions, they are possessed by demonic spirits. He sees the mythical creature or spirit of the “Griffin” as found in London’s city ceremonies to be a “very intelligent demon that is a dangerous thing” making the “Corporation of London” to be a very dangerous place. He quotes in his article “The word of the Lord came to me ‘ Son of man, set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal; prophesy against him and say: ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am against you, O Gog, chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. I will turn you around, put hooks in your jaws, and bring you out with your whole army … your horses, your horsemen fully armed, and a great horde with large and small shields, all of them brandishing their swords. [Ezekiel 38:1-4]
Mythology dictates, that after the great flood, Noah and his three sons: Ham, Shem, and Japheth repopulated the entire Earth. This “repopulation” creates the 70 original tribal groups (The Table of Nations), of which Gog and Magog, as well as all people on Earth today, are descended. Magog was one of the sons of Japheth, along with his brothers of Gomer, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. [Genesis 10:2] This leads some to believe that Magog was associated with the ancient Scythians. “Magog founded the Magogians, thus named after him, but who were by the Greeks called Scythians” (according to Joseph Flavius). Herodotus (Father of History) writes of the bizarre and savage practices of the descendants of Magog, who often drank the blood of the first enemy they killed; carried the heads of the victims to their chiefs; scalped their enemies and used the scalps as napkins; skins of the victims to cover their quivers, and drank from the skulls of their victims; practicing blood brotherhood by drinking each other’s blood mixed with wine. The Scythians were believed to have bathed in the vapor from heated hemp seeds, and when their king died, they sacrificed one of his concubines and several servants. A year later, they would commemorate the death of their king by sacrificing 50 servants and 50 horses.
However, according to Greek Mythology, the Scythians were believed to be descended from Scythes, the youngest of the three sons of Hercules, from sleeping with a half-viper and half-woman. They were a number of nomadic tribes from the Russian steppes, a fertile area of the Ukraine north of the Black Sea as well as some from east of the Caspian sea who colonized Media, Parthia, Persia, Central Asia, and close to the border of China. The Great Wall of China, according to some Arab writers in Arabic is translated as “The Wall of Al Magog” because the Great wall was built to keep out the invading armies from Magog. This stretched over a area of 2,000 square miles, which is interpreted by many as the former Soviet Union or modern day Russia. Gog as the leader of Magog, is the Prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal, which some say is the leader of the Russian led military horde. Magog was depicted as the locusts, who were said “and out of the smoke locusts came down upon the earth and were given power like that of scorpions of the earth. They were told not to harm the grass of the earth or any plant or tree, but only those people who did not have the seal of God on their foreheads. They were not given power to kill them, but only to torture them for five months. And the agony they suffered was like that of the sting of a scorpion when it strikes a man. During those days men will seek death, but will not find it; they will long to die, but death will elude them. The locusts looked like horses prepared for battle. On their heads they wore something like crowns of gold and their faces resembled that of humans, their hair was like women’s hair, and their teeth were like lion’s teeth, they had breastplates like breastplates of iron, and the sound of their wings was like the thundering of many horses and chariots rushing into battle. They had tails and stings like scorpions, and in their tails they had power to torment people for five months. They had as king over them the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek, Apollyon. [Revelations 9:3-11] (seen also as Asmodeus the demon of impurity) Some catastrophists and fantasy enthusiasts foretell that this is that of a zombie apocalypse.
According to Doomsday prophecies, at the end of the 70th week (final seven years of this age), Jesus will return to Earth to rule and reign the planet, he will attack and destroy the armed forces of the Antichrist at the Battle of Armageddon to eliminate the armies of Gog/Magog. [Ezekiel 39:22: "From that day forward the house of Israel will know that I am the Lord their God. ] (Many believe that Jesus will return riding in on a white horse brandishing a sharp sword (somewhere near Bozrah/Jordan) and destroy those who are attacking Israel, because it is only at that time that Israel will see, recognize, and acknowledge Jesus as their Lord) It is believed that the armies of Jesus will destroy the forces of Gog and Magog as well as all nations who have joined them, all of whom will be attacking Jerusalem at that time, and Isreael. There is believed to be a second rapture to collect the saved believers just before Jesus returns to the Earth, at the end of the 70th week [Revelation 1:14-16] and Immediately after, those who are left will be gathered and thrown into the great winepress of God’s wrath, trampled by Jesus treading upon these “ripe grapes” of armies of the nations. 30 Days after this carnage, the Antichrist and his armies will gather to attack Jesus again in Jerusalem, and he will overcome them at the famed Battle of Armageddon. [Revelation 17:12-14] Great Old Testament by Prophet Isaiah tells the same story, including the crimson red garments, treading of the winepress, Lord’s sword. [Isaiah 63:1-6; 34:5] Along the Valley of jehoshaphat, according to the Old Testament prophet Joel, is where the Lord would swing his sickle to harvest these “wicked grapes” to be trampled in the winepress, next to the Mount of Olives, along the eastern edge of Jerusalem. This is the primary location whre Jesus will destroy the armies of the Gog/MaGog nations attacking Jerusalem. It is then according to Ezekiel, that the son of man and prophesy is to say to Gog “This is what the Sovereign Lord says: In that day, when my people Israel are living in safety, will you not take notice of it? you will come from your place in the far north, you and many nations with you, all of them riding on horses, a great horde, a mighty army. You will advance against my people Israel like a cloud that covers the land. In days to come, O Gog, I will bring you against my land, so that the nations may know me when I show myself holy through you before their eyes … I will execute judgement upon him … and on his troops and on the many with him”.[Ezekiel 38:14-16, 22] Thereby, by this Christian and Judaism belief, God will be against the nations who will be attacking Israel. “But your many enemies will become like fine dust, the ruthless hordes like blown chaff. Suddenly in an instant, the Lord Almighty will come with thunder and earthquake and great noise, with windstorm and tempest and flames of a devouring fire. Then the hordes of all the nations that fight against Ariel, that attacke her and her fortress and besiege her, will be as it is with a dream, with a vision in the night” <[Isaiah 29:5-7] “Out of his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. He will rule them with an Iron sceptor.” [Revelation 19:15]
“All the birds flying in midair [and all the wild animals, some myths include invitation to the human (or human-like armies)] will be told ‘Come, gather together for the great supper of God, so that you may eat the flesh of kings, and mighty men, of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, small and great.” [Revelations 19:17,18] “Come together from all around to the sacrifice I am preparing for you, the great sacrifice on the mountains of Israel. There you will eat flesh and drink blood. You will eat the flesh of mighty men and drink the blood of the princes of the earth … at my table you will eat your fill of horses and riders, mighty men and soldiers of every kind” declares the sovereign Lord. [Ezekiel 39:17, 18a, 20] “From that day and forevermore thereafter, ‘the Lord will be king over the whole earth. On that day there will be one Lord, and his name the only name’”. [Zechariah 14:9] It is believed by many of these faiths, that God will bring a year of punishment upon Moab so that “whoever flees from the terror will fall into a pit, whoever climbs out of the pit will be caught in a snare; for I will bring upon Moab the year of her punishment’ declared the Lord.” [Jeremiah 48:44] This lasting a year and will be the 7th year of the 70th week. “Gog” is then labelled by many of these believers, to be the King” of a “swarm of locusts” who would manifest himself as one of the locusts within the swarm. [Amos 7:1] (Septuagint – Greek translation of the Old Testament) Many believe these are not literally “locusts” but rather a swarm of demonic beings or fallen angels leading the armies in Ezekiel’s prophecy. [also in John's vision with Gog returning 1,000 years later. Revelations 20:7,8] Some fundamentalists think that the demon “Gog” will possess two different men, 1000 years apart to lead armies against Jerusalem as the first human leader would die and be buried. [Ezekiel 39:11] Revelations also tell of a swarm of demonic locusts coming out of the Abyss during the Fifth Trumpet Judgement. [Revelations 9:1-3] Based on this mythology, the Destroyer, the Angel Abaddon, is described as a king over them, who could very well be Gog, or the fallen angel in command of Gog. By end of the 70th week, the future leader could be possessed by the demonic spirit of Gog, and head a conglomerate of demonic and Islamic armies. Many other nations will join these armies of Gog and Magog, to invade israel. Some say that this Gog/Magog bloodbath is the same as the winepress of God’s wrath.
Some also believe that the Battle of Armageddon, will occur immediately after the termination of the final seven years on the day that Jesus returns to Earth, and some of those then equate that Gog and the Antichrist will be one and the same person, while others disagree seeing them as completely separate battles between Good and Evil. Many of these believe that the Antichrist is residing in the modern mystery new location of Babylon, wherever that may be, and Gog will engage him in battle there, as a result, the Antichrist may run to escape, and by so doing, he will and some of his armies will invade Israel to occupy it before Gog does it first. Once the Antichrist occupies Jerusalem, the reports from the east and from the north will include a report that Gog is about to attack Jerusalem/Israel, causing the Antichrist to set out in a great rage to destroy and annihilate many. [Daniel 11:40, 41, 44] “If Satan drives out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then can his kingdom stand?” says Jesus. [Matthew 12:25, 26] The Antichrist Beast along with the false prophet will be “thrown alive into the fiery lake of burning sulphur” [Revelation 19:20a].
- Got Questions? “Gog and Magog”. Website referenced July 2012. www.gotquestions.org/Gog-Magog.html
- Lord Mayor Show: Gog and Magog. Website referenced July 2012. http://lordmayorshow.org/history/gogmagog/LI> Prophecy Update: Gog and Magog Identified. Website referenced July 2012. http://www.prophecyupdate.com/gog_and_magog_identified.htm
- Smashing Lists: “Famous Mythical Humanoid Creatures”. Website referenced July 2012. http://www.smashinglists.com/30-famous-mythical-humanoid-creatures/.
- Ted Montgomery: “Gog the Antichrist”, “End Times”. Website referenced July 2012. http://www.tedmontgomery.com/bblovrvw/GogAntichrist/index.html.
- Wahidazal Blogspot: “Demons behind Global institutions of Finance” and “N. Wahid Azal – Grand Shaykh of the Fatimiya Sufi Order”. Website referenced July 2012. wahidazal.blogspot.com/2012/01/demons-behind-global-institutions-of.html.
- Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. “Gog and Magog”, “Walter Wink”. Website referenced July 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gog_and_Magog.
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