Idaho, “The Potato State” is also called the “Spud Government” and the “Gem State”. Its name may have the result of a hoax, the “Idahoax” which is disputed. However its true name’s origin is unknown. Some say “Idaho” came from the Shoshone language as meaning “the sun comes from the mountains” or “the gem of the mountains”. It may have derived from the Apache word “idaahe” which means “enemy”. The Capital of Idaho is Boise, which is its largest city. Its highest elevation is “Borah Peak” at 12,662 feet above sea level. It’s Lowest point is the “Snake River” at 710 feet above sea level. Idaho was the 43rd state to become part of the Union on July 3, 1890. Idaho has plains and mountainous terrain. It hosts some of the Rocky Mountains. It is home to Hells Canyon, the deepest canyon in the United States, through which the waters of the Snake River run. Shoshone Falls fall from a height greater than that of Niagra Falls. Idaho is home to the Snake River, the Clark Ford/Pend Oreille River, the Clearwater River, Coeur d’Alene River, the Spokane River, the Boise River, the Payette River, and the Salmon River. It is the 14th largest state (acreage) in the United States. It is surrounded by Washington and Oregon to the West, Nevada and Utah to the South, Wyoming and Utah to the East, Montana and British Columbia to the North. 60% of Idaho is held by either the National Forest Service or the Bureau of Land Management. Idaho is nicknamed the Gem state because almost every gemstone found in the world is found in Idaho. Idaho is also one of the only two places in the world where star garnets can be found (the only other place is in the Himalayas of India). It is also the only place that the six pointed star garnets have been found. Besides gemstones, Idaho is very important for agriculture, food processing, potatoes, wheat, lumber, chemicals, paper, electronics manufacture, silver, mining, science, technology, and tourism.