Australian National Botanical Gardens

Australian National Botanical Gardens

* GPO Box 1777 * Canberra, Australia Capital Territory * 2601 * Australia * +61 2 6250 9599 * *

In the heart of Australia’s Capital Territory and City of Canberra is the Nation’s most exquisite National Botanical Gardens. Radiating like a gem in the midland plains, this fabulous collection of Eucalypti, plants, trees, shrubs, vines, orchids, and botany is any garden lover’s paradise. It is operated by the Australian Government’s Department of the Environment and Heritage. The park encompasses the largest living collection of native Australian flora in the world. The goal of the center is to understand, study, and promote Australia’s flora locally, regionally, and around the world; hosting a variety of botanical resources for researchers while protecting and cultivating endangered native plants. The Garden was first conceived in Canberra’s development plans of the 1930’s when the Advisory Council set up a framework for its development, planning a large site on Black Mountain. The first trees were planted in September 1949, though not opening its gates until October of 1970. The Gardens encompass over 90 hectares on Black Mountain, of which 40 is currently developed and embracing thematic sections in the park housing plants with shared taxonomy of over 5,500 cultivated species. The Gardens have a Rainforest Gully, a Rocky Garden, A Sydney Region Flora area, A Mallee Plants section, Banksias, waratahs, grevilleas, Callistemon, Leptospermum, Melaleuca, A Eucalypt Lawn, Wattles, and a Research facility, gift shop, and cafe. The National Herbarium is also on site housing the largest collection of dried, pressed, and recorded plant specimens in Australia. The facility manages several large plant databases of Australian plants based on its collections. For any botanist or plant enthusiast, the Botanical Gardens is a must see while in Canberra. “Extroadinary”. Rating: 4.5 stars out of 5. Visited on April 24, 2011 by Thomas Baurley.

Australian National Botanical Gardens: Botanical Resource Center

sign at the gardens: “Botanica Resource Center: Plant identification at your fingertips
The Botanical resource center is a learning place for visitors to discover, identify, and explore flor of the A.C.T. and southeastern N.S.W. This self help collection is available for use by students, plant surveyors, and people who want to learn more about plants. To explore this library of pressed plant specimens and computer plant identification resources contact the Australian National Botanical Gardens Visitor Centre.”

    Bibliography & Recommended Reading:
  • Australian National Botanical Gardens. ~ About Us. referenced in 2011 from website; ANBG:
  • Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. ~ “Autralian Nationa
    l Botanical Gardens
    ; referenced in 2011 from website; author unknown. Wikipedia:

Plants, Species, Photos, and more information:

Eucalyptus Amplifolia
“Cabbage Gum” * family: Myrtaceae


Eucalyptus dawsonii
“slaty box” * family : Myrtaceae


Eucalyptus blakelyi
“Blakelyi’s Red Gum” * family : Myrtaceae



Zieria baeuerlenii


Pimelea spicata


Kunzea rupestris

Prostanthera stricta



Acacia viscidula


Rulingia hermannifolia

Acacia pycnantha
Australian Golden Wattle * Family: Mimosaceae


Allocasuarina portuensis

A She-oak * family: Casuarinaceae


The Friendes Cascades


Jasminum simplicifolium
subsp. suavissimum * Forest Jasmine * family: Oleaceae


Eria javanica
* The Javanese eria * widely distributed from India west to China and south through southeast Asia.


Duraboculum imthurmil

Liparia viridifloria

* The green-flowered liparia *


Eustrephus latifolius

* Wombat berry * family: Geitonosplesiaceae *


Sarcochilus falcatus
Family: Orchidaceae


Platycerium bifurcatum
Family: Polypodiaceae

Hakea pulvinifera

  • sign: “Discovered in 1950, this highly endangered species is found only in a single population near Gunnedah, NSW, Research indicates that this species is sterile, the only natural means of reproduction being the occasional suckering from the root system. It is suspected that the entire population of Hakea pulvinifera is a single plant, since the ability for reproduction sexually has been lost. The nursery holds a propogating stock of these plants, some of them held for over 20 years. These have produced the first observed fruiting for these species. This was achieved by hand pollination as the plant is unable to produce fruit naturally. The threat of extinction still overshadows this species. Its tenuous position close to a major reservoir continues to be its major threat to existence. The Australian National Botanical Gardens have after several years of research into propogation techniques by nursery staff managed to propogate plants in sufficient numbers to enable the first reintroduction of Hakea pulvinifera into its endemic region.”



Macrozamia johnsonii
family: Zamiaceae


Banksia spinulosa
“Birthday candles” * Family: Proteaceae

Philotheca myoporoides
* subsp. acuta * Wax flowers * family: Rutaceae *


Phebalium daviesii
family: Rutaceae


Darwinia wittwerorum
* family: Myrtaceae *


Zieria obcordata
* family: Rutaceae *


Grevillea johnsonii
family: Proteaceae


Astroloma foliosum
family: Epacridacea

Eucalyptus morrisbyi
* “Morrisby’s Gum” *



Sir Joseph Banks

(1743- )


Canospermum huegelii

* Family: Proteaceae *


Banksia serrata
* Old Man Bank’s * family: Proteaceae *




Eremophilia ternifolia

Family: Myoporacea


Swainsona formosa
Family: Fabaceae * Common name: Sturt’s Desert Pea *

Acacia cognata

“Green Mist” * family: Mimosaceae *


Rulingia magiflora

Dicksonia antarctica

“Soft Tree Fern” * Family: Dicksoniaceae *


Brachyscome segmentosa
Family: Asteraceae


Casuarina glauca
(prostate form) * family: Casuarinaceae *


Acacia sp.
Family: Mimosaceae


Leptospermum Bywong Merinda


Eucalyptus Summer Beauty
family: Myrtaceae


Leptospermum Aphrodite


Ozothamnus rosmarinifolius
* Silver Jubilee * family: Asteraceae *


Banksia spinulosa
* Hairpin Banksia * family: Proteaceae *


Blechnum penna-marina
Family: Blechnaceae


Derwentia decorosa

Family: Scrophulariaceae


Eucalyptus baeuerlenii

* Baeuerlen’s Gum * family: Myrtaceae *


Banksia spinulosa
* Hairpin Banksia * family: Proteaceae *


Zieria arborescens
* family: Rutaceae




Rhodamnea argentea
* White Myrtle * Family: Myrtaceae *



Dockrillia pugioniformis
* family: Orchidaceae *



Doryphora sassafras

* Yellow sassafras * family: Monimiaceae *



Tasmania insipida
Brush Pepperbush * Family: Winteraceae *


Vesselowskya rubifolia

Southern Marara * family: Cunoniaceae


Acmena smithii
* Lilly Pilly * family: Myrtacea *


Syzgium australe
Brush Cherry * family: Myrtacea *


Backhousia myrtifolia
* Ironwood * family: Myrtaceae *


Ehretia acuminata
* Koda * family: Boraginaceae *


Pittosporum undulatum
* Sweet Pittosporum * family: Pittosporaceae *



Allocasuarina verticillata
* a she-oak * family: Casuarinaceae *


Eucalyptus dwyeri


Acacia pendula



Eucalyptus leptophylla
* Family: Myrtaceae *


Dianella revoluta


Bossiaea walkeri
* cactus Bossiaea * family: Fabaceae *


Eucalyptus socialis

Red Mallec * family: Myrtaceae *


Grevillea rosmarinifolia


Eucalyptus viridis
* green mallee * Family: Myrtaceae *


Acacia havilandii

* needle wattle * family: Mimosaceae *


Eucalyptus flindersii
South Australian grey mallee


Eucalyptus gillii
* curly mallee * family: Myrtaceae *


Mallee Shrublands

    Park Sign: “Mallee Shrublands are dominated by eucalypts with many stems. They occur over much of dry southern Australia.
    Mallee Shrublands are generally found on sandy soils where the summers are hot and dry and the winters are short and cool with variable rainfall. Fires sweeping through mallee areas often kill off everything above the ground. Mallee eucalypts have large woody rootstocks (lignotubers) from which new stems grow after fire or other damage. Plants growing under the mallee eucalypts may include prickly porcupine grass (Triodia), dense heath, wattles (Acacia), broombushes (Melaleuca) and saltbushes (Atriplex, Maireana, and Rhagodia). “


Cassia nemophila zygophylla
* Desert Cassia * family: Caesalpiniaceae *


Calocephalus lacteus
* Milky Beauty Heads * family: Asteraceae *


Allocasuarina sclenociara


Anigozanthos rufus
* King’s Park Federation Flame * family: Haemodoraceae *


Epacris impressa


Swainsona formosa

* Sturt’s Desert Pea * family: Fabaceae *

Correa “Canberra Bells” “Canberra Bells”


unk. emperorifoila

* Scrambling Guinea Flower * family: Eilleniaceae *


Isopog__ sp.
* Little Drumstick * Family: Proteaceae *


Prostanthera phylicifolia



Zieria prostrata

* Family: Rutaceae *


Cordyline obtecta
* family: Agavaceae *


Pelargonium rodneyanum

* family: Geraniaceaea *


Dendrobium x delicatum

* family: Orchidaceae *

Livistona australis
* Cabbage Palm * family: Arecaceae *


Eucalyptus bridgesiana
* Apple Box * family: Myrtaceae *



Xanthorrhoea glauca
* subs. angustifolia * a grass tree * family: Xanthorrhoeaceae *





Eucalyptus mannifera

* Brittle Gum * family: Myrtaceae *


Tasmanian Rainforest



(sp?)arotaxis laxifolia


Acacia melanoxylon

* Blackwood * family: Mimosaceae *



Phyllocladus asplenifolius


Dicksonia antarctica

* soft tree fern * family: Cyatheaceae *



Muehlenbecca gunnii
* family: Polygonacea *

Acacia melanoxylon
* blackwood * family: Mimosaeceae *


Notelaea ligustrina
* family: Oleaceae *



Melaleuca ericifolia
* erica leafed tea tree * family: Myrtaceae *


Blechnum cartilagineum
* *


Eucalyptus melliodora
* Yellow Box * Family: Myrtaceae *



Ellis Rowan Garden

The plants displayed in this garden bed were selected by Gardens’ horticulturalists to suit cool climate home gardens. They were all purchased from local commercial suppliers. The shrubs are planted in groups to accentuate flower and foliage effects. Most plants grow to less than one metre tall, but taller shrubs and dwarf eucalypts are used to provide some height variation. The garden bed includes areas of built up soil to provide good drainage and an interesting change to the surface level. A simulated dry creek bed acts as a natural drainage, creating ideal locations for those plants that occasionally require extra moisture. A sandy gravel mix has been used as mulch. It does not break down like organic mulch and allows good moisture penetration. The light colour to highlight foliage – an effective technique to emphasize small plants in dark or shady places. A planting list is available from the visitor center or the gardens website at This bed was constructed by the Garden’s staff in 2003 with financial support from the Friends of the Garden.

Callistemon “Little John”
* “Little John” * family: Myrtaceae *



* “Rampaging Roy Slaven” * family: Haemodoraceae *

Banksia Portland Dwarf
* “Portland Dwarf” * family: Proteaceae *

Eucalyptus Summer Beauty
* family: Myrtaceae *



* “White Delight” * family: Asteraceae *


Orevillea rhyolitica
* subs. rhyolitica * “Deva Flame” * family: Proteaceae *


Telopea speciossima
* x oreades * family: Proteaceae *


Kunzea ambigua

* family: Myrtaceae *

Callistemon subclatus
* family: Myrtaceae *


Homoranthus prolixus
* family: Myrtaceae *


Calytrix leschenaultii

* family: Myrtaceae *

Calytrix glutinosa
* family: Myrtaceae *


Eucalyptus ? cinerea

* x pulverulenta * family: myrtaceae *


Callistemon formosus
* Kingaroy Bottlebrush * family: Myrtaceae *


Callistemon citrinus
* ‘Splendens’ * family: Myrtaceae *


Leptospermum polyanthum
* family: Myrtaceae *


Leptospermum laevigatum
* coastal tea tree * family: Myrtaceae *


Homoranthus lunatus

Eucalyptus moorei

* subsp. moorei * “Narrow leaved sally” * family: Myrtaceae *


Leptospermum polygalifolium
* supsp. mentanum * “A Tea-tree” * family: Myrtaceae *


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