www.museenkoeln.de – 0221 22124438 – 32 Bewertungen * Cologne, Germany
In the heart of the city center right to the side of the Cologne Cathedral, lies Cologne’s German/Roman Museum. The Roman-Germanic Museum (RGM, in German: Römisch-Germanisches Museum) is one of the better archaeological museums in the region. This museum houses and protects a humongous collection of Roman artifacts from the Roman settlement Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium, on which modern Cologne is built. The museum is also an archaeological site as it also protects the original place of a Roman town villa, down in the basement, of which the large Dionysus Mosaic remains in its original place and the related Roman Road just outside. Within the museum is an institution to preserve the Cologne Roman cultural heritage, and therefore preserves wonderful Roman glass from Roman funerals and burial. This archaeological function also includes the supervision of the Cologne underground, which is now under construction.
Most of the museum’s collection was formerly housed at the Wallraf-Richartz Museum in Cologne until 1946. In the front of the museum the former northern town gate of Cologne with the inscription CCAA (for Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium) is shown. The museum was completed in 1974 near the Cologne Cathedral at the place of a 3rd century villa. The villa was discovered in 1941 during the construction of an air-raid shelter. In its main room there was the Dionysusmosaic. Since the mosaic could not be moved easily, the architects Klaus Renner and Heinz Röcke designed a museum around the mosaic. The museum’s inner courtyards mimic the ancient villa’s layout. As well as the 220/230 AD Dionysusmosaic, the museum houses a reconstructed sepulcher of the 40 AD legionnaire Poblicius. Home to the world’s largest collection of Roman glasses as well as an outstanding collection of Roman and medieval jewellery, the collection also consists of everyday Roman life implements, household items, pieces of architecture, portraits, inscriptions and pottery. Each year that I’ve come to visit Cologne, this is a definite must-stop for me as the collection is amazing. Rating: 4.5 stars out of 5.