The Southern United States can boast quite a few cities, but none more than Savannah, Georgia for its ultimate southern charm, southern belles, manors, and plantations. Named after the river it was along, most likely derived from variant names of the Shawnee who once lived in the area. This tribe destroyed the Westo here. The Shawnee were also known as the Savano, Shawano, and the Savannah, hence the namesake. Savannah lies roughly 20 miles upriver along the Savannah river from the Atlantic Ocean and encompasses over 108 square miles. The city layout was founded by James Oglethorpe under his “Oglethorpe Plan”. General Oglethorpe, a well known British philanthropist and representative of King George II for the American Colonies, was originally sent to the area to create a buffer south of the Savannah River to protect the area from Spain in Florida and France in Louisiana. They landed this area in 1733 near Yamacraw Bluff where they were greeted by the Yamacraws, Tomochichi, and John/Mary Musgrove (Indian traders who served as translators for them). It is at this point that the city was founded, as well as the colony of Georgia. By 1751, it became a Royal Colony and the official capital of colonial Georgia. When America was approaching its dissent and revolution, and issues with British taxation were in upheaval, the armed resistance from Lexington and Concord reached Savannah in May of 1775, and upon congress approval, Georgia delegates decided to join the other 12 colonies to unite against the British. It was a strategic port during the American Revolution as well as the Civil War. On September 11, 1779 American forces led by General Benjamin Lincoln and Count Casimir Pulaski met northwest of Savannah. This was followed by the French fleet debarking over 3,200 French, Irish, and Haitian soldiers to march on Savannah to support the American attack. Allied forces laid siege to the city under a 5 day bombardment. It failed, and Savannah remained under British Control for more than 6 months until General Cornwallis surrendered to General George Washington at Yorktown Virginia in October of 1781. Today it is a hotspot for tourism, as well as being a major industrial center and seaport. Georgia’s 5th largest city, Savannah attracts millions of tourists annually, and is most known for its iconography, architecture, being the birthplace of Juliette Gordon Low (founder of the US Girl Scouts), the Georgia Historical Society, the Telfair Academy of Arts and Sciences, the First African Baptist Church, the Mickve Israel Temple, its downtown area, and being one of the largest National Historic Landmark Districts in the United States.