Cornwall, England * http://www.cornwalls.co.uk/Redruth/ *
“Resrudh” or “Redruth” is a town and civil parish of Cornwall, England with an approximate population of over 12,000 inhabitants. It lies along the route of the Old London to Land’s End trunk road (A30) and is 9 miles west of Truro and 18 miles northeast of Penzance. The name comes from the Cornish name “Rhyd-ruth” translating to “across a red river”. The first settlement that was Redruth is not where the town now lies, rather that would be the present Churchtown”. Redruth sits in a steeply wooded valley with Carn Brea on one side and Bullers Hill on the other. The area is rich in minerals and was popular for mining tin, copper, and lead. The first settlers stayed in this area by crossing a river and once they started extracting metal ores could have turned the river red … hence its name … “Across the River Red”. Redruth was overshadowed by neighboring towns in its early mining beginnings, but by the 18th century it hit a boom for the demand for copper by the Industrial Revolution and the creation of brass. Redruth then became one of the largest and richest mining areas in Britain. The 1880-1890’s the town gained a number of institutions including an a School of Mines and Art School, St. Andrew’s Church, the Free Library, and the Mining Exchange. 19th century saw a decline in the Mining industry and Britain began importing most of its copper ore. Many miners emigrated to mining industry in the Americas, Australia, and Africa. The last fully operational mine was the “South Crofty” at Pool between Redruth and Camborne which closed in 1998. The town has alot of shops, outlets, a covered market way, a multi-screen cinema, the Cornish Studies Centre, an old butter market, antique stores, a second hand book store, two supermarkets, Greens Newsagents, the Emporium, and the local Cash and Carry Jims. Cornwall’s first ILR Radio Station was founded in Redruth – “Pirate FM”. Redruth has become an important transportation hub with the railway station and numerous bus connections centering out of the city. It is also central to the main A30, A393, and A3047 roads. Redruth has also been home to Mick Fleetwood (of Fleetwood Mac), Harold Hayman, David Sturzaker, Charles Thomas, Kristin Scott Thomas, Luke Vibert, Rory McGrath, and Thomas Redruth.