Tag Archives: National Park Service

John Day Fossil Beds National Monument (Clarno Unit – Oregon)

John Day Fossil Beds National Monument – The Clarno Unit
~ 32651 Highway 19, Kimberly, Oregon * Phone: (541) 987-2333 ~

The Clarno Unit is one of three sections of the John Day Fossil Beds National Monument that was designated by the United States as an area of special concern in Wheeler and Grant counties of Eastern Oregon. It is located within the John Day River basin and operated by the National Parks Service. The focus of the protected area is its geology and paleontology specializing in well-preserved layers of fossilized materials including flora and fauna. Most found here date from the late Eocene around 45 million years ago to the late Miocene at 5 million years before present. The Other two units are Sheep Rock and Painted Hills. The total designated area is 13,944 acres of semi-desert shrub land, riparian zones, and badlands. It was originally visited by Native Americans such as the Sahaptin who hunted, fished, and gathered roots/berries in the region. Then came the Euro-American visitors who established ranches, farms, and small towns along the river. Under guidance of Thomas Condon in 1864, geologists and paleontologists began digging in the area and making the discoveries that the area is famous for today.

Clarno is the westermost of the three units and is approximately 1,969 acres roughly 18 miles west of Fossil along Oregon Route 218. A breathtaking rest stop along the scenic Journey through Time scenic byway in Oregon is the geological features known as the Pallisades. It is located roughly 18 miles west of Fossil, Oregon. These cliffs and land forms are created by prehistoric volcanic lahars (or volcanic mud flows) roughly 54-40 million years ago. This landscape was quite different at that time – a lush semi-tropical rainforest with jungles, vines, trees, shrubs and mega fauna. After the volcanic cataclysms, the environment was turned into the arid desert it is now. Fossil evidence depicts a vast arrange of plant life from leavaes, fruits, nuts, seeds, and petrified wood of over 173 species of trees, vines, shrubs, and other plants. Numerous faunal fossil remains of crocodiles, mini four-toed horses, huge rhino-like brontotheres, and meat-eating creodonts were found. There are three distinct hiking trails all under a mile in length demonstrating the fossil and geological record. Picnic tables and restrooms make for a restful stay. Drinking water is available from the rest stop May through September.

Rated: 5 of 5 stars. ~ Review by Leaf McGowan/Thomas Baurley, Technogypsie Productions ~

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john day fossil site – clarno unit info board: “Few places in North America offer such a unique look into the distant past than the clarno unit of John Day Fossil Beds National Monument. From the glimpses of the tropical forest captured in the rocks of the palisade cliffs to the spectacular nuts, fruits, leaves and twigs preserved in the one of a kind clarno nut beds, to the rhinos, brontotherese and hroses unearthed in the hancock mammal quarry pictured here. The fossil of clarno provide an extremely rare and surprisingly complex record of life in ancient oregon 40-54 million years ago. … massive brontotheres – left, primitive four toed horses such as epihippus center and hapiohippus right and a powerful bear-like predator hemipsaladon – upper right are just a few of the fascinating animals unearthed in the hancock mammal quarry. The quarry located only a mile from werhe you stnd may have been a watering hole where animals congregated in large numbers as in this artist’s depiction. Many fossil specimes unearthed here are on display in the Thomas Condon Paleontological Center near Dayville Oregon. “The Pallisades (http://www.technogypsie.com/reviews/?p=27413) – Clarno Unit – John Day Fossil National Monument (http://www.technogypsie.com/reviews/?p=27401). Volcanic Legacy: Chronicle 25 – Chronicles of Sir Thomas Leaf, Lady Etain, and Prince Cian. Adventures in Oregon. Photos taken August 2, 2016. To read the adventures, visit http://www.technogypsie.com/chronicles/?p=21521. To read reviews, visit: www.technogypsie.com/reviews. All photos and articles (c) 2015/2016 Technogypsie.com – by Leaf McGowan, Thomas Baurley, Technogypsie Productions. All rights reserved. www.technogypsie.com/photography

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Charleston Custom House


United States Custom House – Charleston
* 200 E Bay St * Charleston * SC * 29401 * (843) 579-6500 *

Standing tall along the downtown East Bay street, the harbor, and waterfront park in Charleston, South Carolina is the iconic United States Custom House. A fine example of a age-old public building telling tales about Charleston’s once thriving port culture. It was designed with the Roman Corinthian order cruciform building structure is monumental in scale measuring over 259 feet east-west, and 152 feet north-south, constructed of marble, stone, and granite. Its interior revolves around a marble two-story center room called “The Business Room” and its second floor gallery is supported by 14 Corinthian columns into which most offices open up to. Ornamental ceiling with artificial skylights, the American flag, and other classical patriotic motifs and symbols. The site was built between East bay and the Cooper River on land that Congress purchased in 1849. This location was first the site of Craven’s Bastion, a colonial era fortification. It was designed by Charleston architect Edward C. Jones and Edward Brickell White. During the Civil War, the building was left unfinished and left suspended until 1870 when plans were set into motion to work on the original design. It was completed in 1879 and has been used ever since as a United States Custom House. It is not opened for viewing to the public. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 9, 1974.

    References/Recommended Reading:
  • NPS.GOV: Charleston United States Custom House. http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/charleston/usc.htm. Website referenced May 2, 2013.
  • Wikipedia: Charleston Custom House. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Custom_House_(Charleston,_South_Carolina). Website referenced May 2, 2013.


Yorktown National Colonial Historical Site, Yorktown, Virginia

Yorktown Colonial National Historical Park * http://www.nps.gov/colo * PO BOX 210, Yorktown, Virginia 23690 *

Yorktown Battlefield

Another National Park of the Historic Triangle, is a small museum and visitor center where the staff will orientate you on the history of the Battlefield, dioramas showing scenes from life around the battle, and a mock ship you can board. The Visitor center is surrounded by British defensive earthenworks, a 16 minute film on the history of the battle is presented within on the “Siege of Yorktown”. General George Washington’s military tents can be viewed, and artifacts from the siege. After the visitor center, drive the self-guided driving tour around the battlefields for seven miles viewing American and French siege lines, visit the Moore House, the site of the surrender negotiations ending the Siege, where the British army grounded their weapons in an elaborate ceremony. I’m a history buff, but I’m not much on historic battlefield sites and exhibits, so I can’t say it was one of the highlights of my trip. The center and park was put together very nicely though but the driving tour was confusing. Rating 2.5 stars out of 5. Visited 5/22/2008.

In the Spring of 1781 the American War of Independence entered its seventh year. Having practically abandoned their efforts to reconquer the northern states, the British still had hopes of subjugating the South. By trying to do so, they unwittingly set in motion a train of events that would give independence to their colonies and change the history of the world.

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