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Carlsbad, New Mexico

Carlsbad Caverns National Park

Carlsbad
~ New Mexico USA ~

One of my high school tromping grounds, I often went to Carlsbad for visits to Carlsbad Caverns or Sitting Bull Falls. I probably visited the area as often as a Floridian kid visits Disney World. It is a small city in Eddy County New Mexico that is most famous for its Caverns. In 2010, the Census stated that it had a population of 26,138 residents. It is in the heart of southeastern New Mexico at the intersections of U.S. Routes 62/180 and 285. It is located at the eastern edge of the Guadalupe Mountains, the Lincoln National Forest to its northwest, and has the Pecos River running through it. It is in the northern reaches of the Chihuahuan Desert eco-region in the lower Pecos River Valley.

Besides the caverns, Carlsbad is known for its salt mines, potash mining, petroleum, and tourism. It was originally developed based on agriculture, livestock, irrigation water, and healing mineral springs.

Historically Native Americans resided in the area, but were pushed out with immigrants from Engand, Switzerland, France, and Italy. It was formed as a town on September 15, 1888 and a municipal corporation in 1893 after Charles B. Eddy, co-owner of the Eddy-Bissell Livestock Company. There were commercialization of of local mineral springs near the flume that boasted medicinal properties so they named their town after the famous European spa town called Carlsbad (Karlovy Vary in the Czech Republic).

The re-discovery of Carlsbad Caverns, originally called “The Bat Cave” by cowboys in 1901 led to the establishment of Carlsbad Caverns National Park on May 14, 1930. In 1925 potash was discovered near Carlsbad and the region dominated the Aerican potash market for years. After the potash marked crashed in the 1960’s, residents of the area voted for the establishment of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) where low-level nuclear waste would be stored thousands of feet undergroun in salt beds. It was authorized by Congress in 1979 and construction completed in 1980 and first waste shipment arrived in 1999. Today Carlsbad is experiencing an oil and natural gas boom.

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Roswell Country Club (Roswell, New Mexico)

Roswell Country Club
~ 2601 N. Urton Road, Roswell, New Mexico 88201 * 575-622-3410 * www.roswellcountryclub.com ~

I remember growing up with parents part of this social club – in the 1980’s it was seen as a status symbol and was a way to show off wealth (which my parents were wealthy). In my opinion it wasn’t a good life lesson to show off status or place in society, but that was the way it was back then (and maybe is now). My dad’s intent was probably more for using the golf course and to do business connections in the clubhouse with potential clients for his car dealership and real estate business. We kids of course loved fishing in the lake, swimming in the pool, and doing tennis, golf, and other sports with dad on the grounds. The membership fee in those days were steep and I imagine they are still today.

The club is located outside of Roswell just down the road from my old high school – Goddard. It was established and built in 1905 by members of the Roswell community who wanted to create recreational facilities for its members and families. It’s first officers were W.E. Wisely, E.A. Cahoon, and J.A. Graham – originally purchasing 50 acres from the Stone Estate and Cosmos Sedillo. They began construction of the Club House in 1906 under guidance of D.Y. Tomlinson and the 16 acre lake was stocked with black bass. More land was later added from John T. Stone, adding in a nine-hole golf course and swimming pool.

Rated: 4 of 5 stars. ~ Review by Thomas Baurley, Technogypsie Productions ~

If you would like to contact the author about this review, need a re-review, would like to advertise on this page, or have information to add, please contact us at technogypsie@gmail.com.

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Sierra Middle School (Roswell, New Mexico)

Sierra Middle School
~ 615 S. Sycamore Ave, Roswell, New Mexico 88203 * (575) 627-2850 * http://www.risd.k12.nm.us/help/index.cfm ~

I could of sworn that when I attended Sierra Middle School, it was simply 7th and 8th grade. Now it is 6th through 8th grade. Apparently they have school uniforms now, I don’t remember than when attending. It was a gateway school to transition us from Elementary to High School. It is a public school operated by the Roswell Independent School District with a teacher/student ratio of 1:17. Minority enrollment is 78% of the student body. I fondly remember my class and community from Enchanted Hills. I wasn’t very active in P.E. (Physical Education) as I was asthmatic. I pursued the arts, sciences, and Band – continuing to play the Clarinet. I do remember alot of bullying taking place at the school and kids always picking fights with me, mainly ethnic based. It was not my favorite school in Roswell. I started dating in Middle School and began to learn what social cliches were. Just down the street from El Capitan Elementary School where I transferred from.

Rated: 3 of 5 stars. ~ Review by Thomas Baurley, Technogypsie Productions ~

If you would like to contact the author about this review, need a re-review, would like to advertise on this page, or have information to add, please contact us at technogypsie@gmail.com.

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El Capitan Elementary School (Roswell, New Mexico)

El Capitan Elementary School
~ 2807 W. Bland Street, Roswell, New Mexico 88203 * (575) 637-3400 * http://www.risd.k12.nm.us/schools/elem/ece/index.cfm ~

I fondly remember my kindergarten that I attended from 4th grade through 6th grade. That was my memory, but apparetly the school only goes from Kindergarten to 5th grade and 6th grade moved to Middle School? Unsure. According to the web site for the school, El Capitan has on average about 424 students today with 18 students per one teacher. Minority enrollment is 72% of the student body and is operated by the Roswell Independent School District.

The school has vastly increase in size, buildings, and footage so much it was essentially unrecognizable when I drove by it. I would have attended from around 1978-1980 I’m guessing when I transferred from Waverley Elementary and Holy Family Church School in New Rochelle, New York. It took a bit to fit in, but once I did I felt at home. I performed magic shows for the school assemblies, and had fun with the science fairs. As an asthmatic, I didn’t participate much in P.E. (Physical Education) but delved into band playing clarinet and science club.

Rated: 4 of 5 stars. ~ Review by Thomas Baurley, Technogypsie Productions ~

If you would like to contact the author about this review, need a re-review, would like to advertise on this page, or have information to add, please contact us at technogypsie@gmail.com.

My original grade school – El Capitan Elementary School (http://www.technogypsie.com/reviews/?p=37041); Exploring Roswell, NM (http://www.technogypsie.com/reviews/?p=4997). Rebirth of the Bard and Ovate: Chronicle 27 – Chronicles of Sir Thomas Leaf and Prince Cian. Adventures in New Mexico. Photos taken June 26, 2018. To read the adventures, visit http://www.technogypsie.com/chronicles/?p=38381. To read reviews, visit: www.technogypsie.com/reviews. All photos and articles (c) 2018. Technogypsie.com – by Leaf McGowan and Thomas Baurley. All rights reserved. www.technogypsie.com/photography. More info about Colorado Springs: http://www.technogypsie.com/reviews/?p=31051

Down the street from Sierra Middle School

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Santa Rosa, NM

Santa Rosa, New Mexico

The City of Natural Lakes in Guadalupe County, New Mexico – this city is a Route 66 tourist destination, especially for it’s Blue Hole and recreational activities. It is a relatively small town, with approximately 2,848 residents according to the 2010 Census. It is located at the intersection of I-40, Route 54, and U.S. Route 84 in between Albuquerque and Tucumcari along the Pecos River. In the Northeastern part of the state, the city is west of the staked planes of Eastern New Mexico and west Texas.

The first Euro-American settlement was “Little Black Water” or Aqua Negra Chiquita in 1865 and later changed in 1890 to Santa Rosa after the chapel that Don Celso Baca the city’s founder built and named after Saint Rose o Lima and his mother Rosa. The name also may refer to the roses in the story of Our Lady of Guadalupe and the Catholicism of the Spanish colonizers who settled here. The area became pouplar in 1902 with the building of the Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad went through there and the Northeastern Railway from the southwest. The east-west highway through town was Highway 66 in 1926 making it a popular rest stop with motels and cafes. The city was a scene in John Steinbeck’s novel “The Grapes of Wrath” and the movie filmed by John Ford for the infamous train scene as well as shooting scenes for Bobbie Jo and the Outlaw.

Santa Rosa has numerous natural lakes which is odd for the dry desert climate making it an oasis of sorts. Numerous sinkholes have formed in the limestone bedrock of the area and filled with water all connected by a network of underground water filled tunnels making it a popular cave diving and scuba training location. The most famous of the sinkholes is the “Blue Hole” which stays cool year round at 61 °F (16 °C) water forms a lake over 81 feet (25 m) deep.

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State of New Mexico, USA

New Mexico, United States of America
http://www.technogypsie.com/reviews/?p=4957

New Mexico (Spanish: Nuevo Mexico [?nwe?o ?mexiko]; Navajo: Yoot Hahoodzo [jo:t haho:dzo]) is a state located in the southwestern and western regions of the United States, admitted to the union as the 47th state in 1912. It is usually considered one of the Mountain States. New Mexico is the 5th most extensive, the 36th most populous, and the 6th least densely populated of the 50 United States.

New Mexico encompasses over 121,400 square miles with its eastern border at the 103 W longitude to the state of Oklahoma and 3 miles west of the longitude and its southern border with Texas and the Mexican States of Chihuahua and Sonora to its south. New Mexico shares its western Border with Arizona and shares Four Corners with Arizona, Utah, and Colorado in the upper Northwest. Colorado is New Mexico’s Northern Neighbor. The State lacks in water hosting around 250 square miles of surface water. The landscape is varied from deserts to forests, mesas to snow-peaked mountains, gully’s and canyons to caves and mines. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains offers the southernmost part of the Rocky Mountains Range. The Rio Grande, Pecos, Canadian, San Juan, and Gila are the most important rivers running through the state.

New Mexico’s climate could be described as semi-arid or arid even though there are areas with continental and alpine climates. New Mexico is actually mainly covered by mountains, deserts, and the high plains. In the Eastern part of the state, you can find the high plains of the Great Plains where it is similar to the Colorado high plains in Eastern Colorado. Both Colorado and New Mexico share similar terrain of mountains, basins, mesas, plains, and desert lands. New Mexico gets an annual average precipitation of 13.9 inches a year with average annual temperatures from 64 Fahrenheit in the Southeast to below 40 degrees in the northern mountains. Summer temperatures can exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit at elevations under 5,000 feet above sea level.

The bio-diversity of New Mexico is extreme with extensive habitats for a variety of species – plants, animals, and insects. Botany varies from mesquite, cactus, yucca, desert grasses, Creosote bush, black gramma, purple three-awn, tobosa, burrograss, ponderosa pine, aspen, cottonwood, spruce, fir, scrub oak, Russian olive, and much more. Fauna has a wide range including black bears, cougars, jaguars, coyotes, porcupines, skunks, Mexican grey wolves, deer, elk, plains Bison, collared peccary, bighorn sheep, squirrels, chipmunks, pronghorn, western diamondback, rodents, reptiles, birds, jackrabbits, kangaroo rats, prairie dogs, antelope, and many others.

New Mexico was first inhabited by indigenous peoples for many centuries before Euro-Americans moved in or even saw exploration. New Mexico first belonged to the Imperial Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain. It became part of Mexico before it became a U.S. territory and then state. New Mexico has the highest population of hispanics in the United States including descendants from Spanish colonists who lived in the area for over 400 years. New Mexico also has the second highest percentage of Native Americans after Alaska, and the fourth highest total of Native Americans after California, Arizona, and Oklahoma. The existing Native Populations consist mostly of Navajo, Puebloan, and Apache peoples. New Mexico’s imagery, state colors, and flag are influenced with the scarlet and gold colors from the royal standards of Spain and the ancient sun symbol of the Pueblo’s “Zia”.

New Mexico or “Nuevo Mexico” is mistakenly believed to have taken its name from “Mexico”, which is not the case. The area was given the name “New Mexico” in 1563 and again in 1581 by the Spanish Explorers who believed the area contained wealthy Indian cultures similar to those of the Aztec “Mexica” Empire. “Mexico” as part of New Spain, adopted its name centuries later in 1821 after gaining independence from Spanish rule. New Mexico was only part of the independent federal republic of Mexico for 12 years from 1836 to 1848.

The first human cultures were Paleo-Indians, starting with the Clovis culture followed by Mogollon and Ancestral Pueblo. Euro-Americans came in the 16th century and encountered villages built by the Pueblo, Navajo, Apache, and Ute. From 1540-1542, the Spanish Explorer Francisco vasquez de Coronado set through New Mexico with a jassive exxpedition looking for the mystical seven golden Cities of Cibola as described by Fray Marcos de Niza. The name Nuevo Mexico came from gold miners led by leader named Francisco de Ibarra exploring far to the north of Mexico in 1563 stating his findings as being in “a New Mexico”. Santa Fe was established at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains the southern end of the Rocky Mountains around 1608. Much of Santa Fe and settlements around the state were abandoned from 1680-1692 by the Spanish after the Pueblo revolt. Once the Pueblo leader leading the revolt died, Diego de Vargas restored the area back to Spanish rule Returning settlers founded Albuerqueque in 1706. As it was “New Spain” at the time, claims of the State were often covered by independent Mexico in 1821 followed by the Mexica War of Independence. In 1836 the Republic of Texas claimed portions east of the Rio Grande after it seceded from Mexico in 1836. Most of the northeastern part of the state was owned by France and sold to the U.S. during the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.

From 1846-1848 the region was thrown into the Mexican-American War, and in 1848 Mexico and America made the Treaty of Guadalupe with Mexico ceding its northern holdings of the American Southwest including New Mexico and California to the U.S. Texas also ceded its claims to the area east of the Rio Grande in exchange for 10 million dollars, so the U.S. established the Territory of New Mexico on September 9, 1850 including most of present-day Arizona and New Mexico, and part of Colorado. This compromise created the current boundary between New Mexico and Texas. Historically New Mexico had a role in the American Civil War, as part of the Trans-Missisippi Theater where the Confederate and Union governments claimed territorial rights over the New Mexican territory. The Confederacy claimed the souther tract as part of the Arizona Territory in 1861 waging an ambitious campaign to control the American Southwest and open access to Union California, but this was broken after the Battle of Glorieta Pass in 1862. They continued to operate from Texas marching under the Arizona flag until the end of the war. Over 8,000 troops served the Union from New Mexico.

(not a complete list, just places we’ve covered so far, work in progress)

Cities, Towns, Villages:

  • Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • Santa Rosa, NM
  • Taos, New Mexico

    Natural Areas:

  • Bottomless Lakes State Park
  • Cimarron Canyon, New Mexico
  • Bradford Lake State Park
  • Rio Grande Gorge and Bridge, New Mexico
  • Sitting Bull Falls
  • Tourism:

    Sites of Interest:

      References:

    • Baurley, Thomas 2015 Alternative America: Travel Guide to the U.S.A. Technogypsie Publications, Riverside, California.
    • McGowan, Leaf 2015 Magical America. Technogypsie Publications, Riverside, California.
    • Wikipedia 2015 “New Mexico”. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Website https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Mexico referenced 8/16/15.
    • Wikipedia 2015 “United States of America” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Website https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States referenced 8/16/15.

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    Ruidoso, New Mexico

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    Ruidoso, New Mexico

    A place of adventure, explorations, fun, and games in my childhood, Ruidoso was always a mountain retreat of a tourist trap that entertained the adults and kids thoroughly. Named after “Noisy River” in Spanish as the Rio Ruidoso being a small stream that weaves through the heart of the city. It is a small mountain-side village located in Lincoln County, New Mexico and is surrounded by the Lincoln National Forest. It had a population of just over 8,000 residents in 2010. Combined with neighboring villages of Ruidoso Downs, Mescalero, Hollywood, and Alto, its population is bumped up to just over 21,000 residents. Its most notorious for being a mountain resort town, especially in the heart of winter when skiers and snowboarders hit the slopes using Ruidoso for their shopping, lodging, and dining as it lies along the rugged Sierra Blanca mountain range. During summer its popular as a summer resort for hiking, horseback riding, hunting, and gambling. Ruidoso Downs racetrack and the Inn of the Mountain Gods are popular places for gambling. The Mescalero Apache manage the Inn as well as Sierra Blanca’s Ski Apache resort atop at 12,000 feet above sea level mountain. The villae or town is one of the fastest growing cities in New Mexico with major developments taking place as of recent. The city has experienced its own share of fires, floods, and natural disasters picking up the damage and rebuilding quickly after disasters struck.

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    Roswell, New Mexico

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    Roswell, New Mexico

    The “All-American City” or so it is branded by themselves, Roswell was a hometown to me from the 3rd grade until senior year of High School. Oh the fond memories of this dust-bowl of a town who’s prime entertainment for the high school youth was “dragging’ main street” every weekend to see who was “out and about” and hanging out in the Sonic drive-in. Of course many shenanigans went on making out at the Lover’s lane hill overlooking the city, or making love in the rocks at Bottomless Lakes State Park when our parents thought we were at the library or prom. Of course those mischievous few of us spent many days (and evenings) partying or exploring the Missile silos on the outskirts of town. Bonfires in the control room was a special kind of ambiance. Of course, we all heard the legends and rumors of the “UFO crash”, alien abductions, alien autopsies, and secret military bases – but that’s all they were … legends. Now these green or gray skinned aliens don the cities light-posts and is a theme park attraction to every gift shop, fast food joint, hotel, and wal-mart. The downtown theater we once partied to “Rocky Horror” has mutated to its own science fiction picture show as one of the world’s magnets for UFO experts, enthusiasts, and crazies as the International UFO Museum.

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    Roswell represents and is in the county seat of Chaves County fluctuating annually in population growth as business boom, close, die, diminish or become reborn. It now boasts a population of 48,000 inhabitants in 2012 celebrating its standing as being New Mexico’s fifth largest city. Outside of UFO’s and aliens, Roswell’ites make their living with irrigation farming, dairy farms, ranching, petroleum, manufacture, and distribution. It was never really a tourist trap, UNTIL … the aliens arrived. It was however home of Bottomless Lakes State Park, Bitter Lakes National Wildlife Refuge, and the New Mexico Military Institute (1891). The 1947 UFO crash made it the most popular, other than that it was a central point for some very famous people including Robert H. Goddard who invented the Rocket. No wonder those “hush-hush” secret military bases set up shop in this small hick town of tumbleweeds. Other famous inhabitants were Patrick Garrett the Sheriff, John Chisum the Pioneer, Demi Moore the Actress, John Denver the folk singer, Nancy Lopez the LPGA golf pro, Austin St. John the first Red Power Ranger, UFO Phil the singer, and Tom Brookshier the Pro Football player.

    The UFO crash has much lore, legend, and news stories surrounding it – taking place just outside of town to upwards of 75 miles away near Corona. Whatever crashed there, was hauled into the local Roswell Army Air Field, the “then” secret military base for much dark mysteries … or so they say. On July 8, 1947 the Roswell Daily Record reported the “capture” of a “flying saucer” by the U.S. Government, hauling the ship and its inhabitants to the Walker Air Force Base. the U.S. Government to this day maintains it was debris from an “experimental” high-altitude helium weather and surveillance balloon. A high level military official from the base apparently came on to record to state it was actually a spaceship crash with alien bodies captured. It has been believed to be one of the U.S. Government’s most infamous cover-ups. This incident has led to Roswell’s Alien Craze.

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    Roswell was first inhabited by Native Americans who were pushed out by Euro-American Aliens – a group of pioneers from Missouri who started up the first Euro-American settlement 15 miles southwest of present day Roswell in 1865. They ran out of water however, so had to abandon this “Missouri Plaza”. Hispanics moved in from Lincoln, New Mexico as did John Chisum with his famous Jingle Bob Ranch 5 miles from Roswell’s current downtown. In 1869 two business-men from Omaha, Nebraska named Van C. Smith and Aaron Wilburn set up shop in what is now downtown Roswell building two adobe buildings – the general store, post office, and make-shift hotel. This gave birth to the “True” Roswell. Van’s father was Roswell Smith, whom he named the town after. By 1877, Captain Joseph Calloway Lea and his family bought out Smith and Wilburn, becoming the largest land-holders of the area. The town survived the Lincoln County War from 1877-1879 and by 1890 local merchant Nathan Jaffa struck clear gold when he sprung water tapping a major aquifer while digging a well in his back yard giving major growth and development opportunities for the area. The Railroad came through town by 1893. When World War II struck the country, the military set up a prisoner of war camp near Orchard Park holding Germans forcing labor on them to build Roswell’s infrastructure, especially paving the banks of the North Spring River. A iron cross can be found on the north bank built by the Germans in the Roswell Spring River Zoo. By the 1930’s, Robert H. Goddard popularized Roswell with his early rocketry work bringing in the military heavier from 1941 to 1967. Ruined by alien autopsy conspiracies and economic down-turn, the Walker Air Force base was finally DE-commissioned as were the 22 missile silos surrounding the city.

    Located on the high plains, Roswell experiences the four seasons with cold winters, mild warm springs, very hot summers. Monsoons are common during the summer months with torrential downpours, thunderstorms, high winds, hail, and tornadoes.

    Resources and Links:
    * This list is not complete. These links and resources are reflected only of places visited while exploring the city and surroundings. Please check back for future additions.

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