Lead Glazed Earthenware

Florida Museum of Natural History, Tallahassee, Florida

Lead glazed Earthenware
Produced from 1490 to 1900 C.E., Unknown origin

This is a generic basic lead glazed coarse earthenware found in archaeological sites throughout the Carribean (through trade) and Florida (USA).
It has a coarse earthenware paste that is usually tempered with sand and ranges in color from red to buff. It is found often with a smooth reflective finish and the clear glazes allow the paste color to show through with pigmented glazes imparting a different color to the surface with colored glazes ranging from brownish green to regular green. Some are found decorated with quickly applied lines and loops often in manganese brown color. The types of vessels made from this pottery type were often bacins, bowls, jars, lebrillo, and plato. Those that can’t be classified by most of the currently distinquished identifiable types fall in this category as found on Spanish colonial sites from the 16th-20th century. Deagan has written about this classification (2002).

Florida Museum of Natural History Ceramic Classification: Lead glazed Earthenware

“Ship wreck artifacts: from Florida’s coast. (1) Early style olive jar fragment: early style olive jars had two handles. this fragment was recovered from an eighteenth century shipwreck off Florida’s coast. (2) Majolica fragments, Columbia Plain type: Columbia Plain was a common majolica type manufactured from 1492-1650 CE. (3) Lead-glazed earthenware pot. (4) Ceramic fragments, Green Basin type: Green basin pottery, a lead glazed earthenware, had a green colored glaze on the vessel’s interior. The type dates to the 16th century. (5) El Morro ware fragments: this common lead glazed pottery, known as El Morro ware, was in use from about 1550 to 1770 CE. The term “El Morro” was derived by a Florida reearcher and generally is not used outside of Florida. (6) El Morro ware fragments. (7) El Morro water rim fragment. (8) Olive jar – this earthenware jar was recovered from an 18th century shipwreck off Florida’s coast. its form is similar to olive jars used in the 16th century. Its surface is covered partially with barnacle shells. barnacles are sea animals that attach to underwater objects. (9) Olive jar: although this example is from an 18th century shipwreck off Florida’s coast .. its shape is typical of the late 16th century. ” ~ Diorama/display in the Florida Museum of Natural History, Tallahassee, Florida. (Photo 091712-55.jpg) Ship Wreck artifacts: http://www.piraterelief.com/plank/?p=277 (Expected publication January 2013).

Florida Museum of Natural History, Tallahassee, Florida

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