Puffins

Puffins
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Article by Leaf McGowan/Thomas Baurley, Technogypsie Productions ~

Name: Puffins

Folk Name: Puffins, little brother, fraterculini, fratercula

Taxonomy: Animalia, Chordata, Aves, Charadriiformes, Alcidae, Fraterculini, arctica (F. arctica; F. cirrhata; F. corniculata; †F. dowi)

Locality: Two of the speices can be found in the Northern realms of the Pacific Ocean, while the Atlantic Puffin can be found in the northern realms of the Atlantic Ocean.

Description: An amazing bird under Fraterculini that has three main species of alcids or auks. Puffins have a stocky build, large beaks that change coloring with seasons, and primarily black and white feathering. They have short-tails, black upper parts, and white to brown/gray underparts, head possessing a black cap, white face, orange-red feet. They are silent at sea flying high above the water roughly 10 meters compared to the 1.6 meters that other auks fly. They possess a short wing span which helps them with swimming and what appear to be a flying technique they use underwater. In the air they are known to have upwards of 400 wing beats per minute especially when flying low over the ocean water. Puffins breed in large colonies along coastal cliffs, offshore island, sea rocks, crevices, or burrows. They have bright colored beaks during their breeding season. They shed these after breeding exposing a small dull beak. Their populations are declining. They are known for their feeding patterns by diving in the water for food. Fossils hae been found in Oregon known as “Hydrotherikornis” an alcid that dates to the Late Eocene, and other fossils of Aethia and Uria date back to the Late Miocene. It is theorized they originated during the Paleocene in the Pacific regions.

Uses: the fatty meat of the younger birds are salted and eaten in various world diets primarily in coastal regions.

Folklore/Spirituality: The genus Fraterculini or Fratercula comes from the Latin “little brother” referring to the black and white plumage that resembles monastic robes. The English name Puffin comes from the appearance of the bird as being swollen or puffed up, with a fat like appearance to the fatty salted meat of the young birds.

This is a work in production. It is not complete.

More information:



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Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural Area NPS, Newport, Oregon. Oregon Coastline 2013: Oregon Coast, Oregon, USA. Friday, August 3, 2013. (c) 2013: Photo by Leaf McGowan, Thomas Baurley, Technogypsie Productions. More information, copy of photo, to purchase, or to obtain permission to reprint visit http://www.technogypsie.com/photography/. To follow the adventures, go to http://www.technogypsie.com/chronicles/ or travel tales http://www.technogypsie.com/reviews/

“An Ancient Lava Flow – Fourteen million years ago, lava gushed from huge fissures in Eastern Oregon and Washington and flowed 300 miles (500 km) to the sea. Rugged and eroded – Yaquina Head is a western-most toe of the Ginkgo Basalt flow of the Columbia River Basalts. Erosion and faulitng have shaped this lava delta into its present rugged form. Fossiles remain – Clams, snails, marine mammals and other animals are fossilized in the buff-colored sandstone cliffs known as the Astoria Formation (located behind the sandy beaches). The forests beyond – From here on a clear day you can see perhaps 15,000 acres (6,000 ha) of coastal forests. The Bureau of Land Management manages forest watersheds, wildlife, cultural sites, and recreational opportunities on 2.2 million acres (880,000 ha) in western Oregon. Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural Area, NPS, Newport, Oregon. Oregon Coastline 2013: Oregon Coast, Oregon, USA. Friday, August 3, 2013. (c) 2013: Photo by Leaf McGowan, Thomas Baurley, Technogypsie Productions. More information, copy of photo, to purchase, or to obtain permission to reprint visit http://www.technogypsie.com/photography/. To follow the adventures, go to http://www.technogypsie.com/chronicles/ or travel tales http://www.technogypsie.com/reviews/

“Bird sounds at sea – While seabirds lack the beautiful songs of the thrushes and wrens, all can vocalize – sometimes loudly and at great length! Birds use their oices to attract mates, to establish territory, and to indentify their offspring, as well as to register alarm, contentment and the location of food sources. Listen to the sounds these birds make. The surf scoter is a duck: the others are seabirds”. “Protecting Seabirds – to encourage nesting sites, BLM and US Fish and Wildlife Service biologists want to keep this area natural. Your role? just stay behind the fences and enjoy watching the birds. ” “Seabirds are here year round – seven species of seabirds nest here on the cliffs or rocky offshore islets. Many more seabirds feed and rest here during their migrations to and from their northern breeding sites.” “Common mures – are the most abundant nesting seabird at Yaquina Head. Over 25,000 common murres breed on Colony Rock. Each pair of murres lays a single, pear-shaped egg on this rocky island.” “Tuffed puffins – arrive in April and nest in burrows (up to 5 feet deep) or in crevics in May. Because there is so little soil on the cliffs at Yaquina Head, only a few pairs have found nest crevices – mostly on the ocean side of Colony Rock, in front of this deck.” “Pigeon guillemots – return to mid to late March and build their nests 10-40 feet above the water. Pairs normally use the same nesting site from year to year.” “Pelagic cormorants – cement their nests of seaweed and grass to the cliffsides with excrement. Compared to many other breeding seabirds, their nests are spaced widely apart.” “Brandt’s cormorants – are highly sociable and breed in large colonies. Their nests are close together – usually only pecking distance apart.” “Glaucous winged gulls and western gulls – both build bowl-shaped nests lined with local vegetation. At Yaquina Head their eggs begin hatching in June”. Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural Area, NPS, Newport, Oregon. Oregon Coa

Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural Area NPS, Newport, Oregon. Oregon Coastline 2013: Oregon Coast, Oregon, USA. Friday, August 3, 2013. (c) 2013: Photo by Leaf McGowan, Thomas Baurley, Technogypsie Productions. More information, copy of photo, to purchase, or to obtain permission to reprint visit http://www.technogypsie.com/photography/. To follow the adventures, go to http://www.technogypsie.com/chronicles/ or travel tales http://www.technogypsie.com/reviews/

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